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(5) Rather, I am speculating about what Marlowe might have found interesting in the very idea of Jewishness as it appeared in England, and why audiences might have been drawn to a play with a Jewish protagonist. I'm guessing that the New Christians Marlowe might have seen in England could themselves have captured Marlowe's imagination and prompted him to invent a figure of aggressive duplicity. But whether or not my guess is correct, what Marlowe made of Barabas is of far more importance to later plays than what he made Barabas out of. It is Barabas more than contemporary or historical Jewish figures who underlies subsequent Jewish characters in English Renaissance literature. These characters are virtually all far more like Barabas (or, after The Merchant of Venice, like Shylock) than they are like the real life Jews I shall describe. The form in Adidas Yeezy 2.0 which Jewish characters appear after Marlowe is far more indebted to theater than to history.
To borrow a phrase from Stephen Greenblatt, we can learn much by studying the "circulation of social energy" invested in Jewishness at the end of the sixteenth century and the start of the seventeenth. (4) Treating Jewishness as an object of exchange may seem like a joke, as the common stereotype about Jews, in the Renaissance as well as today, locates the Jew as merchant or trader or moneylender a preeminent circulator of economic energy. To use economic terms to analyze the stereotypical economic man may be self reflexive comedy. But it is also a seriously meant effort to point out that Marlowe's representation of Barabas in The Jew of Malta is not just Adidas Yeezy Shoes Ebay
the Christian scriptural tradition provides a ready means of condemning that which frightens even as it allures.
ena, I argue that Marranism is the particular form of Jewishness which is most pertinent to our understanding, and that Marlowe's The Jew of Malta is the crucial initiatory text. The theater of the 1590s was obsessed by the possibilities that identity might be willed or chosen and social position achieved by deeds, not birth. That's the concern of such plays as Tamburlaine, Richard III, and the tetralogy beginning with Richard H and ending with Henry V. Marranos, or Iberian Jews claiming to be convened to Christianity, are plausible representations of the idea that identity is not stable and can be created by individuals themselves. Moreover, emerging ideas about the fluidity of personal identity are closely associated with new entrepreneurship and social mobility. The traditional association of Jews with money lending and other forms of commercial enterprise makes Jews in Elizabethan England, as they have been since, suitable representations of ambivalent feelings about economic innovation and Adidas Yeezy Boost 350 London
social change. They are attractive in part because Adidas Yeezy 750 Boost London
an act of mimesis but itself the ground for mimesis. Theater inhabits a transactional relationship with a culture it both mirrors and creates. I am not in any way asserting that some specific Marrano Jew was the "original" or "source" for Barabas in The Jew of Malta.
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